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This article is not medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or use the medication guide.
Docusate Sodium Information
What is Docusate sodium?
Docusate sodium is a drug used in the treatment and prevention of constipation. DOK Docusate sodium is available over the counter, and it’s considered safe for use by adults and children 2 years and above. Thanks to its excellent stool-softening abilities, this drug is often used as the first option when constipation must be avoided as much as possible, for instance, after a surgery or following a heart attack.
Docusate sodium classification
This medication belongs to a class of drugs called stool softeners and has laxative and softening effects. With its laxative effect, Docusate loosens stool and increases bowel movement. Its softening effect, on the other hand, adds water to fecal waste, making it moist and much easier to pass out.
Docusate sodium brand name
Docusate is available in the other brand names listed below;
- Colace Micro-Enema
- D-S cap
- Calcium Stool Softener
- Dulcolax Stool Softener
- Correctol Softgel Extra Gentle
Docusate Forms and Strengths
- Tablet: 100 mg
- Capsule (sodium): 50 mg, 100 mg, and 250 mg
- Capsule (calcium): 240 mg
- Softgel: 100 mg
- Docusate sodium liquid: 10 mg/mL and 50 mg/mL
- Docusate syrup: 60 mg/15 mL
- Enema, Rectal (sodium): 100 mg/5mL and 283 mg/5Ml
Proper use of Docusate sodium Colace
Read, understand, and take Senna Docusate sodium as indicated on the product package. Ask your doctor or pharmacist for clarification if there’s something that’s not exactly clear.
How you take this medication will depend on its form and strength, and your system’s response to its effects. If you’re using Docusate sodium 100mg tablet, take it orally using a glass of water or juice unless instructed otherwise by your doctor or pharmacist. Dok Docusate sodium 100mg tablets can be split into 2 for patients who can’t swallow them whole.
However, Docusate sodium 100 mg capsule and Docusate sodium 100 mg softgel should be swallowed whole with a glass of water. Do not chew or split them.
If you’re using the liquid or syrup form of Docusate, measure the recommended amount of drug and mix it with fresh juice or milk. For children above 2 years, you can mix the syrup or liquid with baby formula too to minimize the bitter taste of the drug and increase acceptance. When measuring liquid drug, use the measuring cap, spoon, or a dropper included in the package.
How to use Docusate rectal enema
Docusate enema dosage should be administered through your back passage/anus and should never be taken orally. To use the Docusate enema, start by laying on your left-hand side with your right foot bent and your left foot straight. Next, remove enema cap to expose the tip. Gently insert the tip into your rectum up to around 10 centimeters and then slowly squeeze the tube to empty the medicine into the rectum. After administration, pull the tip out slowly and remain in the same position for around 30 minutes. If possible, don’t use the bathroom for at least 1 hour or the entire night for optimum results.
Docusate sodium dosage (Stool softener)
- Docusate sodium: 50-300 mg orally once daily (take once or in divided doses)
- Docusate calcium: 240 mg orally once per day
- 13 years and above: 50-300 mg orally daily (once or in divided doses)
- 2-12 years: 50-150 mg orally every 24 hours (once or in divided doses)
- Below 2 years: safety not yet established
- 13 years and above: 240 mg orally once daily or in evenly spaced dose
- Below 12 years: safety not yet established
- 283 mg/5mL per enema 1-3 times daily
- 13 years and above: 283 mg/5mL per enema through the rectum 1-3 times daily
- 2-12 years: 100 mg/5mL per enema through the rectum
- Below 2 years: Safety and efficacy yet to be established
How fast does Docusate stool softener work for constipation?
Docusate enema works in around 20 minutes. However, its other forms (tablet, capsule, softgel, liquid, and syrup) may take 24-48 hours to be effective. Consult your doctor if constipation goes on beyond one week.
Docusate missed dose
Take the missed dose as long as it’s not already time for your next dose of the day. If it’s almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and take the next dosage timely. Do not take a double dose to make up for a missed dose. Take this medication around the same time daily to help you remember.
An overdose of Docusate is less likely to have adverse effects. However, you may have nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and stomach pains, but these should resolve in around 2 days. Drink a lot of water if you suspect that you’ve overdosed on this drug. If these symptoms persist, call the Poison Control Center or consult your doctor or pharmacist for further guidance.
On rare occasions, Docusate overdose may have serious symptoms, including trouble breathing or even passing out. If a patient is having any of these Docusate overdose symptoms, call 911 immediately.
Docusate sodium uses
What is Docusate used for? Docusate (or Colace- Docusate brand name) is a stool softener. This prescription and over-the-counter drug is recommended to treat and prevent constipation. It’s the number one option, especially when difficulties having bowel movements have to be avoided at all costs, for instance, after a surgery or heart attack.
Before starting a Docusate therapy
- Tell the doctor or pharmacist if you have any of the following conditions;
- Stomach pain
- Chronic constipation
- Let your doctor know if you’re pregnant, trying to conceive, or breastfeeding.
- Tell your healthcare giver if you’ve had allergic reactions to this drug, senna, or other medications before.
- Beware of laxative dependence. Prolonged use of this drug may cause laxative dependence. This is where an individual has to take higher doses of Docusate to have a bowel movement.
Docusate and Allergies
It’s rare for Docusate to cause allergic reactions. However, in case it does for you, the allergic response may be characterized by serious symptoms, including;
- Severe dizzine
- Difficulty breathing
- Swelling of the face, tongue, and throat
If you’ve ever had an allergic reaction to this drug, any of its ingredients, or other stool softeners, don’t take it before talking to your doctor.
Docusate interactions with other drugs
Docusate interacts with 4 other drugs and 2 diseases. If you’re using any of these medications, tell your doctor/pharmacist before starting Sennosides Docusate sodium dosage.
Drugs that interact with Docusate
- Mineral oil
Medication conditions that interact with Docusate
- Intestinal obstruction disorder
- Inflammatory bowel disease
Docusate sodium pregnancy
The FDA is yet to classify Docusate (Colace generic) in its pregnancy categories. However, researchers have assigned it to risk factor C. This means that they have not linked it to any congenital disabilities or the risk of miscarriage. However, since there is no substantial studies around the issue of taking Docusate while pregnant, it’s recommendable to use it only if there are no other alternatives and if the benefits outweigh the potential risks.
Docusate during breastfeeding
Docusate sodium nursing implications are that the amount of this drug that gets into breast milk isn’t high enough to cause problems in breastfeeding babies. Talk to your doctor if you need more clarification.
Docusate use in Pediatric
Docusate is safe to use in children 2 years old and above. Due to the risk of laxative dependence, it’s advisable to give Docusate to children only under a doctor’s instructions. Important to mention, the safety and efficiency of Docusate in children below 2 years have not yet been established.
Risk of docusate addiction- prolonged use of this drug may cause laxative dependence. This is a condition when an individual has to take higher doses of a stool softener to have a bowel movement.
Use in children- This medication is not approved for use in children below 2 years. Do not give Docusate to children before getting approval from a doctor/caregiver.
Risk of severe allergy reactions- while Docusate rarely causes severe allergies, you should consult your doctor or call for emergency help if you experience hives, breathing difficulties, itchiness, and swelling on the face, tongue, and throat.
Contraindication- Discontinue dosage if you start bleeding from the rectum. People with the following conditions should not use Docusate therapy;
- Undiagnosed bleeding
- High blood pressure
- Intestinal obstruction
- Fecal impaction
- Symptoms of appendicitis
- Rectal bleeding
Common Docusate sodium side effects
- Throat irritation
- Stomach pain
- Abdominal cramping
- Excessive bowel activity
- Intestinal obstruction
- Excessive use of Docusate (Colace dependence) may cause addiction and low electrolyte level
Store Docusate tablets, capsules, and softgel at room temperature (59-80 degrees F). Protect from excessive heat and moisture. You may refrigerate liquid and syrup forms, but keep them from freezing. Store the drugs away from children.
Docusate is generally inexpensive, although the price varies a lot between stores. The best price for Docusate 100mg capsules (60 tablets) is about $8 (out of pocket). With a Docusate coupon, the cost of the same dosage gets as low as $4. See our recommendations above for the best Docusate coupon.
Docusate sodium mechanism of action
Docusate (Colace generic) is surfactant laxative, also known as, an emollient stool softener. It works by lowering the surface tension of the oil-water interface on the stool. This allows the feces to absorb more water, thereby becoming soft and much easier to have a bowel movement.